What are the types of multi-passenger cars and vans?

Types of minivans and minibuses

In today's fast-paced era, multi-passenger cars are not just a means of transport, but also a space for sharing experiences, whether you're heading on a family vacation, planning a trip with friends, or in need of a reliable vehicle for business trips or transporting family and friends. However, choosing the right multi-passenger car to rent that meets your needs can sometimes be a complicated task. The market offers an overwhelming array of multi-passenger car types, from spacious minivans, stylish SUVs, to practical station wagons, microbuses, minibuses, and full-size buses. Each type offers a unique combination of comfort, style, and functionality that can be tailored to specific requirements.

In this article, we will look at the different types of multi-passenger vehicles you can find on the market. We will explore their characteristics, advantages, disadvantages, and any unique features they may have. We will also look at factors you should consider when choosing them, whether it's safety, fuel consumption, spaciousness, or technological equipment.

What are multi-passenger cars?

Multi-passenger cars are vehicles designed to comfortably transport more than five people, which is the standard number of seats for many passenger cars. These are usually vans intended primarily for transporting people.

These vehicles are typically characterized by a larger number of seats and a more spacious interior, making them an ideal choice for larger families, group travel, corporate transportation, or even commercial purposes such as shuttle services and tourist transport.

The term "multi-passenger car" can include a wide range of vehicles, which are most commonly divided into:

  • SUVs, crossovers, or certain sedan models that have been modified to accommodate more passengers
  • Minivans
  • Microbuses
  • Minibuses
  • Buses

These vehicles/vans/buses differ not only in the number of seats and required driving licenses but also offer various levels of equipment, from basic models focusing on functionality and economy to luxury variants with first-class comfort and the latest technologies.

The history of multi-passenger vehicles goes back to the early days of motoring, where cars like the Ford Model T were modified to transport more passengers, thus helping to meet the growing demand for group transportation. Since then, the development of multi-passenger cars has expanded and diversified, aided by changes in lifestyle, technological progress, and the evolving needs of the market.

Today's multi-passenger vehicles are cleverly designed to maximize space for passengers and their luggage while maintaining a stylish appearance and comfort on the road. Safety also plays a key role in the design of these cars, as they often transport children and other valuable "cargo". Manufacturers, therefore, implement advanced safety systems and protective features to ensure that large families and groups travel not only in comfort but also with peace of mind.

Types of multi-passenger cars by the number of seats

When looking for a multi-passenger car, one of the key criteria is the number of seats the vehicle offers. Depending on the number of seats, these cars can be divided into several categories that meet various needs, from transporting a small football team to a large family vacation.

6 to 8 seats: Minivans, some SUVs, and MPVs

Minivans are often the first choice for families needing 6 to 8 seats. These vehicles can be driven in most states with a standard Category B driving license. Their design offers plenty of space for passengers and their luggage, with the option of flexible seating adjustments to optimize cargo space. SUVs (Sport Utility Vehicles) in this category combine the robust capabilities of an off-road vehicle with the comfort and spaciousness for passengers.

9 to 12 seats: Microbuses

Microbuses provide even greater capacity and are suitable for schools, hotels, or airport transfers. With a capacity of up to 12 seats, they can efficiently transport groups without the need for several vehicles. In addition, microbuses are often equipped with special features such as foldable seats and enhanced entertainment systems. Regarding driving licenses, these vehicles vary greatly depending on whether it is a vehicle for 8 passengers plus the driver, or there are 9 or more passengers - effectively 10 people. For an 8+1 van with a weight of up to 3.5 tons, a classic car driving license Category B will suffice. For vehicles weighing more than 3.5 tons and with a capacity of 9 or more passengers, a Category D driving license is already required.

13 and more seats: Minibuses and Buses

For very large groups, there are vehicles with 13 or more seats available. These are already approaching smaller buses and are used for commercial tours, school transportation, or as shuttle services. Larger microbuses and buses may require a special driving license and are equipped to ensure the safety and comfort of a large number of passengers.

Each of these types of vehicles can offer different seat configurations, features, luxury elements, and technological innovations to meet specific customer needs. Whether you are looking for a high-capacity vehicle for business or need a spacious family car, there is a range of multi-passenger vehicles on the market that can meet your requirements for comfort, functionality, and safety.

Choosing a Multi-Passenger Vehicle

Whether you are looking to buy or just rent a multi-passenger vehicle, it is important to consider a range of factors that will help you decide which type of vehicle best suits your specific needs. Here are several criteria you should take into account:

Purpose of the Vehicle

Think about what the multi-passenger vehicle will primarily be used for. If you need a vehicle for family trips, reliability and luggage space may be key. For commercial use, such as transporting clients or workers, you should prioritize comfort and the overall impression of the vehicle.

Size and Spaciousness

The size of the vehicle and space for passengers is crucial for comfort, especially on long journeys. Make sure that the choice of vehicle takes into account not only the number of seats but also adequate legroom and headroom, as well as space for luggage.

Fuel Consumption

Multi-passenger vehicles can be more demanding on fuel due to their size and weight. Consider the operating costs, especially if you plan to use the vehicle regularly. Hybrid or fully electric models can offer cost savings and are more environmentally friendly.

Safety Features

Safety should always be a priority, especially if the vehicle will be transporting children. Look for vehicles with high safety ratings, advanced safety systems such as airbags, traction control systems, and lane-keeping assistants.


Set a budget and try to stick to it. The selection can include new vehicles, but many may also find well-maintained used cars attractive, offering value close to new vehicles but at a lower price. In the case of renting a multi-passenger vehicle, it is very important to check the condition of the vehicle, because any technical faults can spoil your holiday or business trip.

Renting or buying the right multi-passenger car is a complex decision that requires careful consideration of these and other factors. Thorough research, comparison of various models and brands, and consideration of your personal and financial preferences will ensure that your choice best serves your needs.

Safety Features and Innovations in Multi-Passenger Vehicles

Safety is a fundamental aspect when choosing multi-passenger vehicles, as these cars often transport a larger number of people and are used for family and commercial purposes. The industry is constantly evolving to provide advanced safety features and innovations that ensure the protection of all passengers.

Active Safety Systems

Modern multi-passenger vehicles are equipped with a range of active safety systems that help prevent accidents. These include: Adaptive cruise control: Automatically maintains a safe distance from the vehicle in front of you. Forward collision warning system: Warns the driver of a possible collision and in some cases can independently initiate braking. Lane keeping assist: Detects unintentional lane departure and can automatically correct the direction of travel. Blind spot monitoring: Alerts to vehicles in the blind spot, which are not visible in the rearview mirrors.

Passive Safety Features

Passive safety features are designed to minimize the consequences of accidents. The most important include: Airbags: An expanded set of airbags including side and curtain airbags provide protection in various types of impacts. Strong body structure: The use of high-strength steel and modern materials for impact absorption protects passengers by forming a safety cell. Pedestrian protection systems: Hood and bumper designs that are intended to reduce pedestrian injuries in the event of an accident.

Safety Technology Innovations

Innovations are constantly pushing the boundaries of safety in multi-passenger vehicles: Autonomous driving: The gradual development of autonomous vehicles promises to reduce human error, which is a common cause of accidents. Driver attention monitoring systems: These systems detect signs of driver fatigue or distraction and can alert or even actively intervene. Intelligent lighting: Adaptive headlights and LED lights that automatically adjust to conditions and do not dazzle oncoming vehicles.

Multi-passenger vehicles today follow the latest safety trends and innovations to ensure that even when transporting multiple people, safety comes first. When choosing such a vehicle, potential buyers should place great emphasis on the safety features the vehicle offers and how it is adapted to current and future safety challenges.

The Future of Multi-Passenger Cars

The development of multi-passenger vehicles, as with all automotive segments, continues to push the boundaries of innovation and sustainability. Future trends and technological advancements indicate several key areas where we can look forward to changes and improvements.

Electrification and Alternative Fuels

The shift to electric and hybrid propulsion is irreversible. Manufacturers of multi-passenger vehicles are investing in the development of battery and hybrid technologies to reduce emissions while providing greater performance and range. In addition to purely electric models, hydrogen-powered vehicles are also being explored, offering quick refueling and zero emissions.

Autonomous Driving

Self-driving technologies continue to develop and promise to provide another dimension of convenience and safety for multi-passenger vehicles in the future. This technology has the potential to completely change the way we drive and use our vehicles, allowing passengers to engage in other activities while traveling.

Connectivity and Integration

Vehicles are increasingly interconnected not only with each other but also with infrastructure and data networks. This allows for advanced navigation systems, real-time traffic information, and integration with smart city systems. The result will be more efficient use of the road network and reduced traffic congestion.

Design and Modularity

The design of multi-passenger vehicles is increasingly focused on flexibility and modularity. This includes interior layouts that can be easily adapted for different needs – from transporting people to generous cargo space. Given the growing interest in car sharing, manufacturers can offer configurations that are easily adjustable for different users. The Taggart car rental company has a Ford Tourneo Custom in its fleet, which is characterized by maximum possible modularity. The number of seats can be freely adjusted as needed, and the middle row can even be rotated by 180 degrees.

Sustainability and Materials

Multi-passenger vehicles will also respond to increasing demands for sustainability. Manufacturers are looking for ways to reduce the carbon footprint throughout the vehicle's life cycle, from production to recycling. This includes the use of recyclable materials and reducing the overall weight of vehicles to achieve better fuel efficiency.

Safety Innovations

Future generations of multi-passenger vehicles are expected to bring even more advanced safety technologies. These may include enhanced driver assistance systems, more sophisticated sensors and cameras, and even artificial intelligence systems that continuously learn and improve their predictive and accident prevention capabilities.

All these innovations represent exciting possibilities for the future of multi-passenger cars. They will become even safer, more ecological, and more tailored to the needs of modern society.


The types of multi-passenger vehicles and their changing forms are evidence of technological progress and adaptation to the changing needs of society. From compact minivans to extensive buses, each vehicle attempts to combine comfort, safety, and efficiency to meet the specific requirements of its users. When purchasing or renting the ideal multi-passenger car, several factors must be considered - the number of seats, safety features, fuel consumption, and also the impact on the environment.

Car rental Taggart in Prague reflects these needs. In our company, you can rent a microbuses, minibuses, and other multi-passenger vehicles, we offer a wide range of multi-passenger vehicles, including both manual and automatic transmission options, which facilitates customers in choosing a car that precisely meets their specific needs and preferences. Our company has its commercial representation and car rental services in Prague city center, Brno, Pilsen, or directly at branch of car rental Prague airport Václav Havel. If you are interested in renting minibuses or microbuses, simply open our complete price list and car offer and check the box for 6 - 9 seat vehicles in the number of seats section.

At Taggart Car Rental Prague, it's never too late to rent a car: you can order exactly the car you need through the online calculator or the reservation form on our website. Calculate how much such a rental of a multi-passenger vehicle would cost you.


Calculate rental price